日志
特朗普的钢铁关税打击了美国金属罐制造商
2018-07-13 09:28:52 (分类: VOA英语视频)

Sheets of tinplated steel transform into colorful containers for well-known American consumer products at independent can company outside Baltimore Maryland.

镀锡钢板被制成五颜六色的容器,作为美国著名的消费品使用,这发生在马里兰州巴尔的摩外的独立金属罐头公司里。

A walk through the factory shows every step of the process.We are the largest manufacturer of specialty tins in the United States.Thousands of tons of steel.Steel prices are up due to a tariff imposed by the Trump administration.The tariff actions taken by the president are necessary to revive America’s essential steel and aluminum industries.ICC does buy US made steel but says imports bridge a gap in supply for high-grade tinplated steel needed for blemish-free lithographic printing.

在工厂里走一走,就能看到生产过程的每一步。我们是美国最大的特制罐头制造商。需要成千上万吨的钢铁。由于特朗普政府征收的关税,钢铁价格上涨。总统采取的关税措施对于振兴美国基本的钢铁和铝工业是必要的。独立金属罐头公司的确购买了美国制造的钢材,但表示进口弥补了用于无瑕疵平版印刷所需的高档镀锡钢的供应缺口。

The company says the mere threat of tariffs induced price hikes already cost them a two million dollar order and more pain is on the way.If we’re more than 5 to 10 percent higher than China,our customers will shop overseas.So it is very very tight.ICC is warning of possible job cuts.The company employs more than 400 workers paying well above minimum wage.They’re craftsmen here.They’ve been doing this for 20 30 40 years.It’s been very successful, raise the family, though. I thought I can ask for.

该公司表示,仅仅是关税导致的价格上涨已经使他们损失了200万美元的订单,未来还会蒙受更大的损失。如果我们的价格比中国高出百分之五到百分之十,我们的客户就会在海外购买。所以这个问题很紧迫。独立金属罐头公司警告说可能会裁员。该公司雇用了400多名工人,他们的工资远远高于最低工资。他们是这里的工匠。他们已经工作了20,30,40年了。尽管养家糊口没有问题,我觉得我可以要求。

Borrell says a steel tariff makes no sense.We need to get the trade job back in the United States.And you know putting tariffs on raw materials I don’t think that’s a way to go.ICC has requested tariff exemptions.U.S. steel makers filed objections saying they have been harmed by imports and that they are ramping up tinplate production to supply ICC’s needs.ICC says it has no guarantee when that will occur at what price or whether quality standards will be met.The Commerce Department has not acted on ICC’s requests, but signaled that tariff exemptions will be rare.Relatively few of those will be granted because many of them have no substance.At ICC frustration and a sense that Washington is not listening.

博雷尔说,钢铁关税是没有意义的。我们得让这份贸易工作重新回到美国。我不认为对原材料征收关税是一个可行的方法。独立金属罐头公司要求免除关税。美国钢铁制造商提出异议,称他们受到进口的危害,并且表示他们正在增加镀锡板的生产以满足ICC的需求。独立金属罐公司表示最终是何时何价或什么质量呈现出来没有保证。商务部尚未对独立金属罐公司的要求采取行动,但表示关税豁免将是罕见的。由于其中许多项目没有实质内容,因此只有极少数能够得到批准。独立金属罐头公司感到很失望,并且认为政府并没有听取他们的诉求。

We can’t fight to funds, fighting the just the development of the marketplace and our government is impossible.ICC just installed a state-of-the-art assembly line,that will expand production if the company has enough steel to run it and if it is able to keep prices competitive on its containers.

我们不能为资金而斗争,不能为了市场的公正发展而斗争,我们的政府更不可能。独立金属罐头公司刚刚安装了一条先进的流水线,如果公司有足够的钢材来生产,并且能够保持有竞争力的罐头价格,他们的生产会扩大。

Michael Bowman VOA news Belcamp Maryland.

迈克尔·鲍曼,美国之音,马里兰州贝尔坎普为您报道。

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