日志
42%的美国人认为青少年性行为可接受
2018-07-13 10:10:36 (分类: VOA慢速英语)

In the United States, a growing number of Americans think sex between teenagers is morally acceptable.

在美国,越来越多的美国人认为青少年性行为在道德上是可以接受的。

Of those questioned in a recent survey, 54 percent said they think teenage sex is morally wrong. But 42 percent said they think it is acceptable.

在最近的一项调查中,54%的人表示他们认为青少年性行为在道德上是错误的。但42%的人表示他们认为这是可以接受的。

Gallup, a well-known research company, asked 1,000 adults in the United States what they thought about teenage sex. Researchers spoke with them by telephone in the first two weeks of May 2018.

著名咨询公司盖洛普向美国1000名成年人询问了他们对青少年性行为的看法。研究人员在2018年5月的前两周通过电话与他们进行了交谈。

Gallup first asked this question in 2013. Since then, the percentage who said that teenage sex is morally acceptable has risen 10 percentage points. In the past year alone, that rate has climbed six percentage points.

2013年盖洛普首次提出这个问题。从那之后,认为青少年性行为在道德上是可以接受的百分比上升了10%。仅在过去的一年里,这一比率就上升了6%。

The 2018 survey also found that a person’s age can make a difference. Different age groups had different opinions about teenage sex. Perhaps not surprisingly, more young adults than older adults said they think teenage sex was fine.

2018年的调查还发现人的年龄对此会有影响。不同的年龄层对青少年性行为有不同的看法。也许并不奇怪,与年长的成年人相比,更多的年轻人称他们认为青少年性行为可接受。

Among young people, from 18 to 29 years of age, 59 percent said it was morally acceptable. For Americans aged 65 or over, that number was about half. Only 31 percent said it was acceptable.

在18至29岁的年轻人中,59%的人表示这在道德上是可接受的。对65岁或65岁以上的美国人来说,该比例大约是年轻人认同比例的一半。只有31%的人表示这是可接受的。

Also, a person’s religious beliefs affected how that person felt about teenage sex.

此外,一个人的宗教信仰也会影响对青少年性行为的看法。

The more often Americans went to religious services, the more likely they were to oppose sex between teenagers. Among adults who “seldom or never” go to church, 54 percent said it is acceptable. For those who go to a religious service nearly weekly or monthly, 34 percent said it was acceptable. But only 20 percent of weekly churchgoers said that it was acceptable.

越是经常去教堂礼拜的美国人,就越有可能反对青少年之间的性行为。在“很少或从不”去教堂的成年人中,54%的人表示这是可以接受的。对于那些几乎每周或每月去教堂礼拜的人,34%的人表示这是可以接受的。但在每周都去教堂的人中,只有20%表示这是可以接受的。

Political beliefs also affect opinions about teenage sex. A majority of those who describe themselves as liberal said sex between teens is acceptable (about 60 percent.) But only 26 percent of conservatives said that it was.

政治信仰也会影响对青少年性行为的看法。大多数自称为自由主义者的人表示,青少年之间的性行为是可以接受的(约60%)。但只有26%的保守派人士表示这是可以接受的。

Gallup officials released a statement after they released the findings. In it, they make this observation. “Whether sex between teenagers continues to become more accepted among Americans could largely hinge on the views of adults younger than 30 ...”Most of those under the age of 30 said that teen sex was morally acceptable.

盖洛普公司人员在公布调查结果后发表声明。其中,他们观察到,“青少年之间的性行为是否能够继续在美国人中得到更多的认可,这在很大程度上取决于30岁以下成年人的观点......”大多数30岁以下的成年人表示青少年性行为在道德上是可以接受的。

The statement added that if young adults “carry their views with them as they age,” accepting premarital teenage sex could become a more mainstream viewpoint. But if their opinions become more conservative as they age, “teenage sex could remain a practice that most Americans feel is morally wrong.”

该声明还补充说,如果年轻人随着年龄的增长仍“有着这样的观点”,那么接受婚前青少年性行为可能会成为更为主流的观点。但是,如果他们的意见随着年龄的增长而变得更加保守,“青少年性行为可能仍然是大多数美国人认为在道德上是错误的行为。”

In 2017, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that 40 percent of American high school students reported having sex. But even with that high number, teenage birth rates continue to fall. In 2015, teen birth rates hit a “historic” low. They were down eight percent from those in 2014.

2017年,美国疾病控制和预防中心发现40%的美国高中生称发生过性行为。但即使这一比例很高,青少年的出生率仍继续下降。2015年,青少年出生率达到“历史”新低。比2014年下降了8%。

Now let’s talk about sex between adults before they get married. On that subject, Gallup found that nearly 70 percent of Americans thinks premarital sex is morally acceptable. Only 28 percent said it is morally wrong.

现在让我们谈谈成年人的婚前性行为。在这个问题上,盖洛普发现近70%的美国人认为婚前性行为在道德上是可以接受的。只有28%的人表示这在道德上是错误的。

So, while most adults in the U.S. feel that premarital sex is morally acceptable, these opinions do not necessarily extend to teenagers.

因此,虽然美国大多数成年人认为婚前性行为在道德上是可以接受的,但这些观点并不一定适用于青少年。

I’m Anna Matteo.

安娜·马特奥为您报道。

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